(40 Lessons) Basic English Grammar Rules With Example Sentences
Learning the basics of the English language. Choose a basic English lessons that are listed below. They are for people that have little or no experience of the English language or you might want to refresh on some basics. The lessons are in no particular order pick and choose which lesson you want to learn. View all basic English lessons click on this link to view all basic English lessons Basic English lessons. 12 effective tips to learn English fast and easy 1. Start speaking as soon as possible. If you are serious about learning to speak English quickly, the evidence is 2. Start reading. It has never been easier to find reading materials in English, or quicker to look things up on Google 3. Make.
There are hundreds of grammar rules but the basics refer to sentence structure and parts of speechincluding nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions and conjunctions. You'll have a great foundation for reading and writing if you can bawic the question, "What are the basic English grammar rules? Before we dive into English grammar basics, it's best to have an idea of the components within each rule.
The basic parts of speech below are the building blocks of every sentence we write. Let's take a look at the most popular players in the game:. A noun names a person, animal, place, thing, quality, idea, activity, or feeling. A noun can be singular, plural, or possessive.
For example:. A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun, like "I," "you," or "they. A verb shows action and can be a main verb such as "run" or "sit" or a helping verb such as "were" or "has".
Verbs also indicate tense and sometimes change their form to show past, present, or future tense. You'll also find linking verbswhich link the subject to the rest englsih the sentence such as "appear" and "seem". An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun.
Adjectives usually, although not always, come before the noun they're modifying. It adds meaning by telling which one or what kind, or describing it in other ways. If you ever find yourself wanting to include multiple adjectives in a sentence, here's more on how to order them properly. An adverb modifies a verb and shares more information about it, including how much, when, where, why, or how. A preposition demonstrates a relationship between nouns or pronouns. They're often used with a noun to indicate location, like "beside," "in," or "on.
Note that prepositions must always be followed by a noun or pronoun. Conjunctions connect two words, phrases, or clauses. Common conjunctions include "and," "but," and "or. Interjections demonstrate emotion. They're typically, though not always, followed by an exclamation point. Examples include "hurray," "uh-oh," and "alas. Articles are very useful little words. There are two kinds: indefinite articles include "a" and "an" and refer to non-specific nouns. Meanwhile, "the" is a definite article and is used englisj refer to a specific person, place, thing, or idea.
With an understanding of the fine parts that make a study of English grammar possible, let's roll up our sleeves and get into the rules.
The subject is the star of the sentence; it's the person, place, animal, thing, or idea that's how to discipline a kid described or performing the action. Not every sentence needs a subject. An example might be, "Run!
Here are some examples:. The predicate expresses the action the subject is taking or shares something more about the subject. Take a look:. Some of the most basic and important English grammar rules relate directly to sentence structure. These rules specify that:. Another term for a sentence is an independent clause :. As we can see, a single sentence can be filled with many different parts of speech. But, at its core, a basic positive sentence baasic English will generally adhere how to learn basic english the following formulas:.
Of course, not every sentence requires a direct object. When predicates are involved, they're how to get the sandbox skull more information about the subject. Another example is, "The apartment is emglish.
Also, these parts of speech may be used in any of the four types of sentences :. When direct objects are involved, they're providing more information about the verb. Then, there are indirect objects. Indirect objects are receivers of the direct object. Once you've constructed a cohesive sentence with all the right elements, including subjects, verbs, and information-providers, it's time to separate those words with proper punctuation.
Grammar can't be englisu without a basic understanding of punctuation rules. This entails capitalization at the start of a sentence, terminal punctuation at the how to disable searchindexer exe of a sentence, and other elements.
Let's kick things off with the beginning of the sentence. Capitalization is important. All sentences must start with a capital, or upper-case, letter. Titles of people, books, magazines, movies, and baskc places are considered proper nouns and are typically capitalized. Organizations and company names are also capitalized.
Every sentence needs a terminal punctuation mark at the end of it. These include a period, exclamation mark, or question mark. Colons are used to separate a sentence from a list of items, to introduce a long, direct quote, or to separate two clauses when the second one further explains the first.
Semicolons can take the place of a conjunction and are often placed before introductory words like "therefore" or "however. That is, two clauses that could standalone as sentences. Semicolons are also used to separate a list of things if there are commas within one or more units in the list.
There are a lot of rules for commas. The basic ones are that commas separate items in a series and they go wherever there is a pause in the sentence. They surround the name of a person being addressed, separate the day of the month from the year in a date, and separate a town from the state.
Parentheses enclose words that clarify other words. They contain information that's not essential to the main point, making them full of supplementary if not interesting information.
Apostrophes are used in contractions to take the place of one or more letters. To show possession, an apostrophe engoish "s" is added if the noun is singular and an apostrophe alone is added if the noun is plural. Stand tall above the crowd. Construct accurate and beautiful sentences as you tell a storywrite a paper for school, or conduct an experiment.
Being neat rnglish tidy in your prose never hurt a thing. Ready to test your English grammar basics? Sea creatures showing parts of grammar. Basic Parts of Speech Before we dive into English grammar basics, it's best to have an idea of the components within each rule. Nouns A noun names a person, animal, place, thing, quality, idea, activity, or feeling.
For example: This book is filled how to learn basic english intrigue and interest. Please light the fire. I'd like some ice in my tea. Pronouns A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun, like "I," "you," or "they. Please light their fire. I'd like some of them in my tea. Verbs What is the meaning of framework in. net verb shows action and can be a main verb such as "run" or "sit" or a helping verb such as "were" or "has".
For example: Lexi and Mark walked through the woods. Lexi has walked through these woods before. Mark appears excited to start this new adventure. Adjectives An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun. For example: Lexi wore badic pair of faded jeans. This black coffee tastes disgusting.
How to learn basic english beats a rainy Monday morning. Adverbs An adverb modifies a verb and shares more information about it, including how much, when, eenglish, why, or how. For example: She gleefully skipped down the street. He arrived early to their first date. I almost missed the ball. Prepositions A preposition demonstrates a relationship between nouns or pronouns.
For example: The engoish is beside the pepper. Take the gift in the living room. She sat on the rock. Conjunctions Conjunctions connect two words, phrases, or clauses.
Take the salad dressing but leave the pasta.
Basic English lessons to help you learning the basics of the English language
These strategies include: Learning words that act as both a noun and verb Learning words with multiple meanings Learning words that sound the same in your native language Learning groups of words with the same root or ending. Mar 14, · To thank you for reaching k subscribers, here is your 30 minute video to master ALL the basics of the English language! And if you want to study more, cli. As a beginner, you must know basic English grammar rules, as they show you how to arrange vocabulary and make meaningful expressions. Below is a series of 40 basic English grammar lessons covering most of the English grammar tenses and most-used structures. All the lessons are designed with clear definitions, explanations and forms, followed by lots of examples.
By the time they turn two, their vocabulary expands to about words. When they turn four, they have conversation skills that are comparable to adults! But once you master the basics , your skills will skyrocket. The problem is that many beginners often struggle to find the right lessons for their learning style and level. And even when they do find great lessons, those lessons usually only focus on a narrow part of the English language.
This master list covers all the basic topics that any learner needs before going further into their English learning journey. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. These vocabulary lessons are the best way to begin learning the basic words of English so you can quickly start using the language in daily life. If you want even more vocabulary lessons that are perfectly suited to your level and interests , FluentU is the best option.
FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.
As you watch a video, you can click on the captions for an instant definition of any word. You also get flashcards, exercises, full transcripts and other tools for each video. The videos are organized by genre and learning level beginner through advanced so you can quickly find ones that work for you.
You can check out the full video library for free with a FluentU trial. Most people start learning new words without a plan or a structure. They simply try to hear new words and memorize them instantly. But after a few hours, most of this learning is lost.
Learners are often unable to remember the right words at the right time, making it even harder to master English. A strategy is a plan to achieve a longterm goal. And the vocabulary strategies in this lesson will surely help you throughout your language learning journey. The bathroom is usually the first place we go after we wake up.
Knowing the names of the objects that you commonly find in the bathroom can be quite helpful for many learners. This lesson does a wonderful job of including everything you can possibly find in a bathroom. It also describes some objects that are found outside of the bathroom, too. For instance tiles are thin pieces of stone or baked clay that are used to cover any wall, floor or roof.
Similarly, a trash can holds garbage and is found in lots of places besides the bathroom. This lesson uses images to both show you the objects and to give you practice at the end.
Many English learners either start studying English in classrooms or plan to eventually study in a school or a college. The video also shows you the spelling of every word while speaking it aloud. That means you can use this video for basic reading practice along with vocabulary building. Since these answers are often used interchangeably, many English learners assume that both words have the same meaning. This difference becomes clear in other sentences.
The environment is the natural world as a whole. We can talk about the environment of the planet or of a specific place. In this lesson, we get to learn the most commonly used English words for this topic. Since the world is going through a massive environmental crisis, this topic has become quite common in daily conversation.
Although the words themselves sound technical and academic, native English speakers use them in informal and causal contexts, too. The phrase green movement is also very popular now, since some political parties have also adopted this label to describe themselves. This video lesson will walk you through the essential environmental vocabulary you need for conversations on such topics. Numbers are relatively easy to learn since they can only be used in certain ways.
This makes it very easy to translate and understand the names of the numbers from your language to English. These easy lessons are the perfect way for beginners to start learning numbers in English.
This video gives you the names and the symbols of the first hundred numbers in English. This video is best for regular practice while you start to learn English numbers. This will help you review the numbers you learned earlier when you play the video again before learning the next group of numbers.
Since the video is fast, you might want to slow the audio down. Just click the gear icon at the bottom of the video screen and then adjust the speed. While repeating the numbers, focus on how the instructor moves her mouth to pronounce the names of the numbers.
This will help you pick up the accent as well. The narrator uses the rhythm of the music while speaking out the names of the numbers. This might make it harder for beginners to pronounce the names of the words properly. This one is sort of a bonus.
But since this level of math is generally expected of anyone, knowing the names of these basic symbols is also really important for any English speaker. Auxiliary verbs might sound complex, but their role is actually simple in English.
Do , be and have are three main auxiliary verbs in English. This lesson gives an in-depth summary of how these verbs are used in informal English. The instructor focuses a lot on the different forms of these verbs. She also talks about when to use contractions and when the verbs are absent in the sentence. The video is extremely useful for beginners as each section is filled with examples where the important words are highlighted in red. While watching the video, be sure to pause when the examples are shown.
Notice how the rules are applied and make sure you understand them. Modal verbs are a special kind of auxiliary verb that express necessity or possibility. Words like must , should , can , will and may are all modal verbs. This lesson lists out three main mistakes most learners make while learning these verbs. It also gives examples of both correct and incorrect usage of modal verbs.
After this lesson, test your abilities with this quiz and see if you understood the concepts correctly. All of them use phrasal verbs , a special type of phrase that includes a verb and preposition or adverb. Phrasal verbs are usually very difficult for English learners. In this video lesson, Dawn Severenuk shares a very helpful tip that can remove the usual confusion.
Instead of trying to memorize every phrasal verb, Dawn suggests that you try and look at the prepositions and the adverbs. She notes that in every phrasal verb, the same verb can have a very different meaning depending on the sentence. But the meanings of the adverbs and the prepositions usually remain the same in these phrasal verbs.
This easy technique will help all learners figure out the meaning of a phrasal verb and save a lot of time for beginners. The connection between letters and sounds in English always seems mysterious to beginner English learners.
It may seem like the rules of pronunciation are messy, but there are ways to determine what a word sounds like. These lessons will give you the basic knowledge you need about English pronunciation to start saying easy words correctly. Or do you find it hard to pick up the accent of native speakers even when you know that they sound different?
Most of these problems arise with all language learners. With backchaining, you pronounce the last sound of a word first and then keep moving forward. This helps you understand the individual sounds of the word better.
It also helps you get familiar with the common groups of sounds in English. This video explores how babies learn to speak a language, then lists three ways second language learners can imitate their success. As the video shows, babies focus more on the stress and the feeling of the words first.
This allows them to express and communicate in some way before even learning the proper words. This video will expand on these ideas to give you tactics for learning English the natural way—like a baby! General strategies are good to keep in mind, but the main challenge is always to pronounce individual words. This lesson presents seven words that are usually difficult for beginner learners. The instructor pronounces each one of them, focusing on the individual sounds and the stress.
This video gives you a good idea how English spelling relates to common patterns of pronunciation. These patterns occur throughout the language and this video is a good first step towards building up your advanced vocabulary. The way you speak them changes with almost every word. This video gives a nice summary of how and when the pronunciation changes. It also gives you plenty of examples that you can use in general vocabulary practice.
This is one of the most frustrating aspects of the English language for many learners. You spend hours learning the sounds and combinations of various letters. This lesson lists out some common rules you can use to figure out when the letters B, C and D are silent. Learning how to recognize their patterns now will make pronunciation much easier as you continue learning English.
The English language can take anyone by surprise.