how to type et al

How to make "et al" appear in in-text citations in APA 6th

Feb 17,  · The “al” in “et al.” is always followed by a period. This is because the term is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase “et alia”—the period indicates that it is an abbreviation: et al; et. al; et. al. et al. “Et al.” may be directly followed by other punctuation where necessary, but . In APA 7, for a work with three or more authors, list the first author and “et al.” for all citations, including the first citation, unless doing so would create ambiguity. (Note that this rule has changed from APA 6 guidelines on using "et al.," which recommend listing all author names in the first citation up to five authors but then using "et al." for the second and subsequent citations.)Author: Paul Lai.

Et al. The abbreviation et al. It is generally used in footnotes and citations: for example, when a book has multiple authors, et al. According to the APAit should only be used when there are two or more authors. For three to five authors, all names must be listed within the first citation, but all following citations can include just the name of the first author and et al. For six or more authors, the first author and et al. If using a different style guide, be sure to reference the corresponding manual as rules can differ.

Keep in mind that since et al. For example, if you are dealing with four authors and have typed out three names, you cannot use et al. Does it have a place outside of citations? Generally, no. Unlike et al. In less common situations, et al. This can also be used to refer to locations within a text. How do you remember what this means? Think of an alibi, which is used to prove that a criminal suspect was elsewhere when the crime took place, thus absolving them of suspicion. Share Flipboard Email.

Kim Bussing. Writing Expert. Kim Bussing is a college-level composition and rhetoric instructor. Her writing has appeared in publications such as Reader's Digest and Taste of Home. Cite this Article Format. Bussing, Kim. Meaning and How to Use It. Et Al. Common Latin How to get a phantom plushie in animal jam Used in English. Definition and Examples of Subjunctive Mood in English. How to Use French-English Dictionaries.

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Learn how to use et al. properly

In keeping with the above, if there are six or more authors in the citation, use only the first author's last name, followed by et al. For example: Mariens et al. () argued (Mariens et al., ) MLA format A work by more than three authors. Similarly, MLA uses et al. when citing a work by more than three authors. Again, you should provide the first author's last name, followed by et al. Et al. does not need to be italicized in normal use. It does take a period after the second word, even when it falls in the middle of a sentence. In general, et al. is best reserved for citations and other parenthetical remarks in academic or other types of formal writing. It can sound unnatural when read aloud, so an unabbreviated English equivalent is often better in less formal writing. Nov 03,  · For the subsequent in-text citations we would usually abbreviate these studies to the first author name plus et al.; however, doing so here would produce two Marewski et al. () citations, leaving the reader unable to tell which one you mean (if the citations were from different years we would not have this problem, because the years would tell them apart). The solution here is to spell out as .

Published on February 17, by Jack Caulfield. Revised on February 26, Table of contents Common mistakes Using et al. In APA Style in-text citations , when a source has two authors, list both. Instead, list up to 20 authors in full. When a source has more than 20 authors, list the first 19, then an ellipsis … , then the final name:. The rules above apply to the 7th edition of the APA manual. Say goodbye to losing marks on your assignment! Get started! This applies both to in-text citations and in the Works Cited list.

Chicago style has two systems of citation: notes and bibliography , and author-date style. For sources with one, two, or three authors, list all author names in your in-text citations whether footnotes or author-date.

In your Chicago style reference list or bibliography , list up to 10 authors. I'm not sure I understand your question. You should cite each source separately, not combine different sources into one citation. You use et al. So this issue shouldn't come up. Say goodbye to inaccurate citations!

Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Citing sources How and when to use et al. How and when to use et al. McDonnell et al. McDonnell, F. Are your APA in-text citations flawless? Is this article helpful? He writes and edits for Scribbr, and reads a lot of books in his spare time.

Other students also liked. Follow our examples to cite correctly in every style. How to quote in academic writing When you quote a source, you have to intoduce the quote, enclose the quote in quotation marks, and correctly cite the original author s. Each citation style has different rules for in-text citation. Which date do I use with et al.? Hi Bonginkosi, I'm not sure I understand your question. Hope that helps; let me know if I've misunderstood what you were asking!

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