what 4 countries make up great britain

Constituent Countries Of The United Kingdom

Aug 05,  · Great Britain is an island that consists of three independent regions: England, Scotland and Wales. Great Britain is part of the country of the United Kingdom, along with Northern Ireland. The southern portion of Ireland is an independent country. Great Britain is . Apr 07,  · The United Kingdom has 4 constituent countries, England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. England is the largest and most populous country of the United Kingdom. More than 80% of the UK's population lives in England.

The UK came together over several centuries. Historically, the kingdom and its politics have been dominated by England, as it has always been the most powerful. Even today, England dominates the UK politically, linguistically, and culturally, as it is the largest, and by how to thicken hair strands, the most populous constituent country in the union. The first countries to come together were England and Wales.

InWales was formally merged with England, through an Act of Union. Less than a century later, inthe Union of the Crowns took place, which united the royal houses of England and Scotland. It was followed by the Union of the Parliaments inwhen the parliament of Scotland dissolved itself and the parliament of England, based in London, became the parliament for all of Great Britain. Inthe parliament of Ireland, which had been under English rule almost continuously since the 12 th century, formally joined Great Britain through an Act of Union.

Ireland, except the northern part, which how to make paper dinosaurs origami Northern Ireland, would eventually break away from the UK and become independent in The Anglo-Saxons were Germanic tribes from northern continental Europe.

In the 10 th century, the Anglo-Saxons united under one ruler, King Ethelstan, who is regarded as the first King of England. He ruled from to CE. Several different dynasties have ruled England over more than a millennium. Shortly thereafter, England began establishing outposts and settlements all over the globe. From then onward, England was part of the country known as Great Britain. Today, England is the dominant political, economic, and cultural force in the UK.

This dominance is reflected in the fact that when people around the world talk about the UK, they often refer to it simply as England.

Of the estimated 67 million people that live in the UK, about 56 million live in England. Unlike England and Scotland, Wales was never a single nation-state. Rather, it was divided among several kingdoms. Over two centuries following the conquest of England by the Normans, the English gradually seized more and more Welsh territory. From then on, Wales was a colony of England. Inthe Act of Union uniting Wales with England was passed. Industrialization came rapidly to Wales in the 18 th century.

In fact, Wales was once one of the most important industrial areas in the world. In the mid th century, Welsh nationalism led to measures that recognized the nationhood of the Welsh people, such as giving the Welsh language legal status and adopting an official flag. Efforts to revive the Welsh language have been ongoing for the last few decades.

At the end of the s, Welsh was made a compulsory subject in schools. InWales was given home rule, including a parliament of their own, which allowed the Welsh people some control over their domestic affairs.

Today, there is a movement for Welsh independence, though it is not as strong as similar movements in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The forerunner of the Kingdom of Scotland was the Kingdom of Alba, ruled by Macbeth in the mid th century. In the late 13 th and early 14 th centuries, England attempted to conquer Scotland, but the Scots rebelled what causes caves to form to retain their independence.

This was known as the Union of the Crowns. Inthe Scottish parliament dissolved itself, and a parliament unifying the representatives of Scotland and England was proclaimed in London, thus completing the Union of the Parliaments. Industrialization came rapidly to Scotland in the 19 th century. The country became a mecca for ship-building, steel works, and iron foundries.

Inoil drilling began in the North Sea, giving Scotland a vital resource for future prosperity. InScotland was given a wide degree of autonomy, when its parliament convened for the first time since the Union of the Parliaments. During the same decade, Scottish culture and history gained worldwide prominence through movies like Braveheart and Trainspotting. InScottish voters narrowly rejected independence from the UK in a referendum.

Nevertheless, the Scottish independence movement is now stronger than ever, and many people believe that another referendum would lead to a vote in favor of independence. Northern Ireland was cut off from the rest of Ireland inwhen the British government agreed to create the Irish Free State in response to the demands of the Irish independence movement. But as part of this arrangement, six counties in the northern Ulster region of the island, in which most of the population was Protestant, were split off from the rest of Ireland and remained part of the UK.

These counties would form what would be called Northern Ireland. For the next few decades, Northern Ireland would remain relatively quiet. Thus began the period known as The Troubles. Violence would continue for decades. Then, inparamilitary groups on both sides began a ceasefire. Four years later, the Good Friday Agreement was signed, giving the country an autonomous local government and power-sharing arrangements between the Irish Catholics and Protestant Unionists.

Since then, a relative peace has taken hold in the country. Nevertheless, tension still remains. A new paradigm has emerged in the conflict recently, as the UK voted to leave how to shave sideburns with razor European Union in Most voters in Northern Ireland, however, voted to remain part what makes gprs technology different from traditional gsm the EU, since doing so meant the continued free movement of goods and services between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

Much to the relief of many in Northern Ireland, a compromise was reached under which the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland would remain customs-free once the UK formally left the EU inbut new customs checks would be introduced for the movement of goods between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK.

As of late, how to diagnose a bad transmission solenoid Unionists have expressed their displeasure at the aforementioned new customs arrangements, as they feel more estranged from the rest of the kingdom.

England is the largest and most populous country of the United Kingdom. Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland have various degrees of home rule, meaning that they have some control over their domestic affairs.

There are movements for independence in Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Jason Shvili April 7 in Politics. G7 Countries. Communist Countries. Louisiana Purchase. Group Of Eight G8. What Is Authoritarian Government?

World Population Review

Which countries make up the United Kingdom? | danhaigh.com Which countries make up the United Kingdom? The United Kingdom (UK) is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. . A total of four countries make up the United Kingdom. This includes the island of Great Britain, which is where England, Scotland, and Wales are located. Northern Ireland is also part of the United Kingdom. The capital and largest city of the United Kingdom is London.

Although the United Kingdom is a unitary sovereign country , Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales have gained a degree of autonomy through the process of devolution.

England, comprising the majority of the population and area of the United Kingdom, [9] [10] remains fully the responsibility of the United Kingdom Parliament centralised in London. Northern Ireland also forms joint All-Island sporting bodies with the Republic of Ireland for most sports, including rugby union.

Similarly, the British overseas territories , remnants of the British Empire , are not part of the UK. Historically, from , following the Acts of Union , until the whole island of Ireland was a country within the UK. Ireland was split into two separate jurisdictions in Southern Ireland and Northern Ireland. Figures for Gross value added do not include oil and gas revenues generated beyond the UK's territorial waters, in the country's continental shelf region.

The Interpretation Act provides statutory definitions of the terms "England", "Wales" and the "United Kingdom", but neither that Act nor any other current statute defines "Scotland" or "Northern Ireland". Use of the first three terms in other legislation is interpreted following the definitions in the Act. The definitions in the Act are listed below:. In the Scotland Act there is no delineation of Scotland, with the definition in section simply providing that Scotland includes "so much of the internal waters and territorial sea of the United Kingdom as are adjacent to Scotland".

The Royal Fine Art Commission 's report on decorating the Palace of Westminster referred to "the nationality of the component parts of the United Kingdom" being represented by their four respective patron saints. For the purposes of NUTS 1 collection of statistical data in a format that is compatible with similar data collected in the European Union , the United Kingdom was divided into twelve regions of approximately equal size.

The alternative term Home Nations is sometimes used in sporting contexts and may include all of the island of Ireland. According to the British Social Attitudes Survey , there are broadly two interpretations of British identity, with ethnic and civic dimensions:. The first group, which we term the ethnic dimension, contained the items about birthplace, ancestry, living in Britain, and sharing British customs and traditions. The second, or civic group, contained the items about feeling British, respecting laws and institutions, speaking English, and having British citizenship.

Of the two perspectives of British identity, the civic definition has become the dominant idea and in this capacity, Britishness is sometimes considered an institutional or overarching state identity.

The Commission for Racial Equality found that with respect to notions of nationality in Britain, "the most basic, objective and uncontroversial conception of the British people is one that includes the English, the Scots and the Welsh". The state-funded Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey, [36] part of a joint project between the University of Ulster and Queen's University Belfast , has addressed the issue of identity in since it started polling in The poll asks for a single preference, whereas many people easily identify as any combination of British and Irish, or British, Northern Irish and Irish, or Irish and Northern Irish.

Six percent chose 'other description'. The identity question is confounded further by identity with politics and religion, and particularly by a stance on the constitutional status of Northern Ireland.

Following devolution and the significant broadening of autonomous governance throughout the UK in the late s, debate has taken place across the United Kingdom on the relative value of full independence , [39] an option that was rejected [40] by the Scottish people in the Scottish independence referendum.

Cornwall is administered as a county of England , but the Cornish people are a recognised national minority, included under the terms of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities in Each of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales has separate national governing bodies for sports and competes separately in many international sporting competitions.

England and Wales field a joint cricket team. The United Kingdom participates in the Eurovision Song Contest as a single entity, though there have been calls for separate [ words missing? In , Wales participated alone in the spin-off " Choir of the Year ". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Northern Ireland. NUTS 1 region 3 Legal jurisdiction 3. Home Nations. Devolved legislature 3 None 1. Further information: Terminology of the British Isles.

List per year. Further information: Demography of the United Kingdom. See also: Home Nations. United Kingdom portal. Dunn; H. Dawson , An Alphabetical Listing of Word, Name and Place in Northern Ireland and the Living Language of Conflict , Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press, One specific problem — in both general and particular senses — is to know what to call Northern Ireland itself: in the general sense, it is not a country, or a province, or a state — although some refer to it contemptuously as a statelet: the least controversial word appears to be jurisdiction, but this might change.

Whyte; G. This is the question of what name to give to the various geographical entities. These names can be controversial, with the choice often revealing one's political preferences. That usage can arouse irritation particularly among nationalists, who claim the title 'province' should be properly reserved to the four historic provinces of Ireland-Ulster, Leinster, Munster, and Connacht.

If I want to a label to apply to Northern Ireland I shall call it a 'region'. Unionists should find that title as acceptable as 'province': Northern Ireland appears as a region in the regional statistics of the United Kingdom published by the British government.

Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 18 February Archived from the original on 24 December Retrieved 5 March Archived from the original on 3 January Interpreting Northern Ireland. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN Retrieved 9 August Retrieved 4 July Archived from the original on Retrieved Official website.

UK Parliament. Retrieved 3 January Scottish Government. Retrieved 13 August Edinburgh University Students' Association. Nations and Nationalism.

The Independent. London: independent. Retrieved 19 January BBC News. Archived from the original PDF on London: The Guardian, John Carvel, social affairs editor. Retrieved 30 April University of Ulster and Queen's University Belfast. Devolution and Constitutional Change. Retrieved 23 April Retrieved 12 September Sport England website. Sport England. Retrieved 25 October Sport Northern Ireland website.

Sport Northern Ireland. Sportscotland website. Sport Wales website. Sport Wales. BBC Sport. Retrieved 29 March Countries, territories and dependencies of the British Crown. England Northern Ireland Scotland Wales. List of countries that have gained independence from the United Kingdom. Devolution in the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland Scotland Wales. Combined authorities Directly elected mayoralties Greater London Authority.

London Northern Ireland Scotland Wales. Rejected referendums are italicised. The others were fully or partially approved. There is no law-making body for any regionally devolved area.

Administrations of regionally devolved areas are omitted.