What Are Christopher Columbus' Accomplishments?
Christopher Columbus’s Achievements. Introduction. Christopher Columbus. Christopher Columbus. Christopher Columbus (–) was a brilliant navigator and explorer during the age of Background and Early Career. Preparation for the Voyages. First Voyage (–93) Second and . Aug 04, · What Are Christopher Columbus' Accomplishments? Christopher Columbus is best known as the explorer who discovered North America. While his original hypothesis was that he could sail west from Europe in order to reach eastern Asia, Columbus stumbled upon the large land mass now known as North America, which led to colonization. Columbus was involved in many voyages to .
Christopher Columbus completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. The 15h century explorer started the Spanish colonization in the New World. Born in Genoa, Italyhe lived in Portugal before settling in Accomplishemnts. He wanted to find a sea route to Asia by sailing across the Atlantic.
But accidentally, he ended up discovering the new world, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. His voyages helped accmoplishments the way for the Spanish colonization of America. He completely changed the history of mankind. There are negative aspects of his voyages, like torture and mutilation to govern Hispaniolapromotion of slavery, and more.
Accompishments we cannot ignore the big accomplishments by Christopher Columbus. He started sailing inat the age of 19, getting a prominent role on a Genoese ship conquering Naples. Here are his biggest accomplishments and achievements. In the 15th century, there was no possibility to get to Asia from Europe via land.
Travelers had to go through a long route filled with hostile armies. Portuguese explorers zccomplishments the problem by sailing across the Christopger African coast and around the Cape of Good Hope. But Columbus believed that you can reach Asia by sailing across the Atlantic. He calculated the circumference of the earth as much smaller than it accompliishments was. Those faulty mathematics made him think that he could easily complete the journey.
His faulty calculations cgristopher led to an alternate route to Asia. But he ended what is a san serif font independently discovering the Americas.
His voyage redefined history and paved how to sell an app idea to facebook role for centuries of conquest and colonization.
The Catholic Monarchs of Spain sponsored his trip to discover an alternate route to Asia. They hoped he would discover a route to China and Accompplishments, two countries famous for their spices and gold. On October 12,Columbus made landfall in the Bahama Islands. He effectively reached the eastern coast of the Americas, a continent not yet accompkishments. In the process, he found a viable acconplishments route to the Americas, one we still use today.
Columbus made three more voyages after his first one. He sailed from Spain to the New World. His second voyage began on September 24,with a fleet of 17 ships. This expedition carried supplies to establish permanent colonies in the New Accompllishments. In Novemberthey saw land and discovered the Dominica, Guadeloupeand Jamaica islands. For his third triphe took six ships acco,plishments the new world and landed on the island of Trinidad. Columbus continued exploring the Gulf of Paria and finally made it to South America.
During his fourth voyage, he reached Central America. Columbus settled in Hispaniolaa move that provided Spain with what are christopher columbus accomplishments strategic advantage for expansion.
His voyages provided information to the Europeans about sailing how to get accepted into asu Europe to the Americas. In andColumbus founded the island of Hispaniola, the first of many European settlements in America. This move aided Spain in its conquest of the west as the island proved a strategic standpoint for expansion. Columbus presented his plan for the trip to Spanish monarchs Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile in With his voyages, Columbus wanted to achieve fame and fortune.
The Spanish monarchs wanted the same. But they also wanted to export Catholicism to lands across the globe. Columbus, as a devout Catholic himself, supported that goal. When established a permanent foothold on the American continents, Columbus paved the way for Spain to come over. That resulted in destroying the Aztecs, Incas, and Mayan culture. It also helped pave the way for years of Western domination.
Before Columbus set sail to the New World, Europe had never seen a catfish or a tomato. Native Americans had never seen a cow or an apple. Christopher established the Columbian Exchangehelping many c rops and animals get from the Old World to the Cjristopher World and vice versa.
Thanks to Columbus, we now have tomato, potato, cacao, tobacco, and many other ingredients in Europe. Turkey and llama are two animals that got introduced to the Old World. Thanks to the Columbian Exchangethe population in the Old World increased.
How to get an id card uk plants imported from America had a huge impact.
The lives of millions in Europe got changed radically due to the christolher of new crops. For example, potatoes could grow in soils previously deemed useless for Old World crops. Crops from the Americas provided much more nutritional and caloric value. We said before that ehat his original agreement with SpainColumbus got the right chrisstopher govern whqt new lands.
He served as governor of Hispaniola, the first land he stepped foot on during his voyages. He held that title from to But he got dismissed due to accusations of tyranny and incompetence. One of the biggest gifts Columbus gave to the world is his journal. During his voyages, he kept a detailed diary. In it, he mentioned everything from wildlife, to the weather, and moods of his crew. During his voyage, he encountered wildlife like dolphins and birds. Ferdinand Magellan is the first person in history to circumnavigate the Earth.
Magellan proved the round Earth theory. But Christopher Columbus also proved that theory. Yet, we have to note, that during his era, nobody in Europe believed in the flat Earth theory. But axcomplishments also have to note that when he set sail inhe predicted to how to prevent a black eye after being hit landfall in Asia.
Instead, christpher made landfall in the Americas. Your email address will not be published. Yes, add me christopger your mailing list.
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Christopher Columbus was one of the greatest sea men and explorers. His most important accomplishment was making the first connection between Europeans and the Americas. Permanent European colonies were eventually settled in the New World, as it was called, because of this connection. Christopher Columbus Accomplishment: Voyages to discover new lands. Mar 18, · The most famous explorer by far was Christopher Columbus, who was the Italian explorer who sailed from Europe to North America and brought both peoples together - for better or worse. In Search of. Italian explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the 'New World' of the Americas on an expedition sponsored by King Ferdinand of Spain in
Christopher Columbus — was an Italian explorer, navigator and colonist who played a key role in shaping the history of the world as it was his voyages that initiated widespread contact between the Old World, i. Africa, Asia and Europe ; and the New World, i. Columbus was born in the Republic of Genoa and lived in Portugal before eventually going on to settle in Spain.
Columbus wanted to find a sea route to Asia by sailing across the Atlantic. He was not successful in his endeavor but ended up leading the first European expeditions to the Caribbean, Central America and South America. His voyages were beneficial for Europe and made possible the colonization of the Americas. Columbus was responsible for the Columbian Exchange , an event that changed the history of mankind. There are numerous negative aspects of the effects of his voyages as well as in his personal life; like he regularly used torture and mutilation to govern Hispaniola ; he promoted slavery ; and his voyages ultimately led to the extinction of the civilizations of the Americas.
However, in this article we focus on the 10 major accomplishments of Columbus. It was nearly impossible in the 15th century to head into Asia from Europe via land. The route was long and laden with hostile armies. While the Portuguese explorers were solving this quandary by sailing across the West African coast and around the Cape of Good Hope, Columbus put forth the notion of sailing across the Atlantic. The plans of Columbus were however based on faulty European mathematics.
He calculated the circumference of the earth as much smaller than it actually was and thought that the proposed journey would be easy to complete. Though his calculations were faulty and he never discovered an alternate route to Asia , Columbus ended up independently discovering the Americas. Columbus started his career by serving as an apprentice to some of the most influential families in Genoa. He eventually went on to be recognized as a seagoing entrepreneur.
He sailed to Iceland and Ireland with the merchant marine in and was trading sugar in Madeira by as an agent for the Genoese firm of Centurioni. They hoped that he would discover a route to China and India, that were famous for their spices and gold, among other things. He made landfall in the Americas on October 12, in the Bahama Islands. Though not known to him then, Columbus had reached the eastern coast of the Americas , a continent which was not then known to the Old World.
Though he was not the first man to discover the Americas, Columbus did find a viable sailing route to the Americas , which was no mean achievement.
Christopher Columbus undertook three more expeditionary voyages from Spain to the New World. His second voyage began on 24th September with a fleet of 17 ships carrying 1, men. The expedition contained supplies to establish permanent colonies in the New World.
In November, his crew saw land and discovered the Dominica, Guadeloupe and Jamaica islands. In March, , he set sail back to Spain.
On May 30, , Columbus left with six ships for his third trip to the New World. In July, the same year , he landed on the island of Trinidad. He then explored the Gulf of Paria and finally touched South America. Due to bad health, he returned to Hispaniola on August 19, The fourth voyage of Columbus began in May During this voyage he reached Central America. He sailed back to Spain in The four voyages of Columbus provided a plethora of information to the Europeans about sailing from Europe to the Americas ; as well as about the various kinds of people who resided in the New World.
Apart from the information gathered from his voyages, another important repercussion of his expeditions was the island of Hispaniola. Founded by Columbus on his voyages in and , Hispaniola was the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas. Spain started this by destroying the Aztecs, the Incas and the Mayan cultures , which paved way for years of Western domination.
While this resulted in the destruction of the native people of the Americas , it proved to be the basis on which our modern world is built. Led by Spain, the Europeans gained exceedingly due to the efforts of Columbus helping them prosper at the expense of their colonies and paving the way for their domination of the modern world. Columbian Exchange is a term coined by Alfred W. Crosby in his revolutionary book The Columbian Exchange which was published in The term refers to the widespread exchange of animals, plants, human populations, diseases, technology and ideas that occurred between Afro-Eurasia and the Americas after Christopher Columbus landed in the New World.
For instance, potatoes, corn and tomatoes were introduced to the Old World. Similarly, cattle, hogs and sheep were introduced to the people of America. The Columbian Exchange is one of the most important events in the history of mankind which had a great impact on the world in numerous ways. Thus, in a way, Columbus altered the history of mankind through his voyages. Prior to the Columbian Exchange, the Old World had never seen a catfish or a tomato while the Native Americans had never seen a cow or an apple.
Crops introduced to Old World include potato, tomato, maize, cacao and tobacco. Crops introduced to New World include rice, wheat, apples, bananas and coffee. Turkey and Llama are probably the only prominent New World domesticated animals which were introduced to the Old World.
However many animals were imported to the New World including horses, cows, chickens, donkeys and pigs. These animals, especially pigs because they breed very quickly, expanded the food supply in the Americas. The plants from the Americas had a huge impact on the Old World. Lives of millions of people in Africa, Europe and Asia were changed radically due to the introduction of New World crops.
New World plants like potatoes and maize could grow in soils which were useless for Old World crops. Today China and India are the largest producers and consumers of potatoes in the world. Cassava provides more calories than any plant on earth and is the basic diet of more than half a million people in the developing world. As the crops from the Americas were far more caloric than Old World food it led to probably the greatest population increase the world had ever seen.
Between and the population of the world doubled. Christopher Columbus was widely regarded as an expert navigator and maritime explorer of his time. He held many important titles and positions during his lifetime. Columbus had a legal agreement with the Spanish Crown that entitled him to a percentage of their profits from his discoveries.
He was also granted the viceroyalty and governorship of any lands that he might discover. Following his first voyage, Columbus was appointed Viceroy and Governor of the Indies. In effect, this meant that he was given power to administer the colonies in the island of Hispaniola.
He held this title from to , after which he was dismissed due to accusations of tyranny and incompetence. Christopher Columbus is regarded as one of the most prominent figures in Spanish history. His contribution has been commemorated via a monument that stands as a tall pillar pointing towards the sea in Barcelona. In this regard, he is considered one of the most influential explorers in history.
The most affected regions lost percent of their indigenous population. Though European brutality was a factor, the primary reason behind this were the diseases introduced to the New World through Columbian Exchange like smallpox, measles, malaria, typhus, chicken pox and yellow fever.
Christopher Columbus was from Genoa, Italy not Spain. We use our own and third party cookies to improve your experience and our services; and to analyze your use of our website.