Georgia Farm Bureau
67 rows · Georgia † Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Apr/22/ Crops - Planted, Harvested, . Georgia consistently ranks first in the nation's production of poultry and eggs and is also a top producer of peanuts, pecans, cotton, tobacco, blueberries, and peaches. Overall, the state accounts for 2 percent of total U.S. agricultural sales. Peanut Harvest.
A wide variety of crops are grown in Georgia, but the primary crops in the state are cotton, peanuts, pecans, corn and blueberries. The state is a major producer of canola, both for consumer use and for transformation into biofuels. The state is also known for its peaches, but its signature crop may be the Vidalia onion, grown in the unique soil conditions around Vidalia, Georgia.
The Vidalia onion is one example of how a particular crop may thrive in very specific environmental conditions. Growers in the Vidalia region discovered that onions planted there grew sweet, with less of the heat i pungency of onions from other areas of the country. The Vidalia onion soon became famous across the South for its flavor, and more than a few would-be entrepreneurs took these plants geofgia and replanted them.
Unfortunately, the how to extrapolate data in excel onions had none of the sweet flavor that they so desired.
This is because the soil around Vidalia is extremely low in sulfur, reducing the amount of the element that makes it into the final crop. Stare is the leading producer of peanuts in the United States, providing around 45 percent of the nation's peanuts each year.
Almost half the national peanut crop goes into the production of peanut butter. What Crops Are Grown ggeorgia Georgia? More Satte Reference. What Is Aristocracy? What Do Stars Symbolize?
USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Information. NASS publications cover a wide range of subjects, from traditional crops, such as corn and wheat, to specialties, such as mushrooms and flowers; from calves born to hogs slaughtered; from agricultural prices to land in farms. The agency has the distinction of being known as The Fact Finders of U.S. Agriculture due to the abundance of.
Historic Savannah Foundation is a local, private, nonprofit, preservation organization chartered in to preserve buil.
Although the pecan has a long history in North America, Georgia farmers were relative latecomers in realizing the bene. Annie L. McPheeters was one of the first African American professional librarians in the Atlanta Public Library and an influential proponent of African American culture and history. Judith Ortiz Cofer, a longtime resident of Georgia, was one of a number of Latina writers who rose to prominence during the s and s.
Skip to main content. Agriculture in Georgia: Overview Original entry by. William P. Flatt , University of Georgia,. Explore This Article Contents. Georgia's agricultural industry plays a significant role in the state's economy, contributing billions of dollars annually. Georgia consistently ranks first in the nation's production of poultry and eggs and is also a top producer of peanuts , pecans , cotton , tobacco, blueberries , and peaches.
Overall, the state accounts for 2 percent of total U. Peanut Harvest. The poultry and egg industry accounted for 57 percent of Georgia's farm commodities, with three out of four counties involved in poultry and egg production. Georgia is also the nation's top producer of peanuts and pecans. Other crops produced in Georgia include apples , berries , cabbage, corn , cotton and cottonseed, cucumbers, grapes , hay, oats, onions , peaches, rye, sorghum grain, soybeans , tobacco, tomatoes, vegetables , watermelons , and wheat, as well as ornamentals, turf grass, and other nursery and greenhouse commodities.
Beef cattle, dairy cows, and hogs are produced on farms throughout the state. Miscellaneous livestock such as meat goats and sheep , catfish, trout aquaculture , and honeybees are also produced. Dairy Cows. Agriculture has played a dominant role in Georgia's economy for more than two and a half centuries, beginning with the settlement by English colonists, led by General James E. Oglethorpe , in Savannah in One of the major goals of the colonists was to produce agricultural commodities for export to England.
To achieve this objective, Oglethorpe sought the advice and counsel of Tomochichi , leader of the Yamacraw tribe. The Indians were skilled in hunting and fishing, and especially in the cultivation of maize corn , beans, pumpkins, melons, and fruits of several kinds.
The colonists learned agricultural practices from the Native Americans, and this collaboration was profitable from the very beginning. They produced enough corn the first year to export some 1, bushels to England. They also began establishing enterprises that would produce silk, indigo , and wine, which were especially in demand in England.
In Queen Caroline of England wore a dress made of imported Georgia silk to celebrate her fifty-second birthday. By Georgia silk had become an important export commodity, and by almost a ton of silk was exported to England each year.
Rice and indigo also became profitable crops during the early years of the colony. Pumpkin Farm. Cotton and tobacco were the major crops in Georgia after the American Revolution , and cotton soon became the dominant commodity grown.
The invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney in while he was visiting a friend near Savannah revolutionized the cotton industry. By there were 68, farms in the state, and they produced , bales of cotton. Only 3, farms had acres or more, and 31, had fewer than acres of land. After the Civil War cotton continued to be the main crop in many parts of Georgia.
In more than , bales of cotton were produced. Growing Cotton Boll. In , however, the boll weevil spread into southwest Georgia, destroying thousands of acres of cotton. That pest, combined with a very low price for cotton after World War I , made diversification imperative.
Moreover, outdated and damaging farming practices, such as plowing furrows without respect to the land's contour and intertilling planting short crops beneath tall crops, which increases productivity but depletes the soil resulted in topsoil erosion by the s. Cotton production dropped from a high of more than 5 million acres and 2,, bales in to only about , bales by Cotton is no longer "king" in Georgia, but cotton sales still accounted for more than 23 percent of the total cash receipts for crop production in Georgia remained an agrarian state until after World War II The rural population did not decrease much between , when Vidalia Onions.
Multiple factors contributed to the decrease in Georgia's rural population. First, the Great Depression and U. Roosevelt 's New Deal programs disrupted the sharecropping system, which was a large part of Georgia's agricultural economy at the turn of the twentieth century.
The Agricultural Adjustment Act , for example, paid landowners not to plant certain crops, which decreased landowners' need for sharecroppers and increased their ability to buy labor-saving machinery. The rural population also decreased as factories and urban centers expanded at a rapid pace during World War II, and as war veterans attended college on the GI Bill.
These graduates either explored nonagricultural careers or embraced modern, industrialized agriculture with large mechanized farms.
As of only about 42, farms remained in Georgia, and less than 10 percent of Georgia's citizens worked in agriculture or forestry. Slightly more than 9. Although the number of farms in Georgia continues to decrease—from about 47, in to 42, in —farms are growing in size. Average farm acreage in the state increased by 3 percent between and Roadside Produce Stand.
Although the service sector has surpassed agriculture in number of employees since the end of the twentieth century, farm production continues to be a central part of Georgia's economy and way of life. Hide Caption. Cotton Boll. Vidalia Onions. Soybean Pod. Center-Pivot Irrigation System. Further Reading. David S. Abbe and Christina S. James C. Cite This Article.
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