The colony of Maryland
Apr 12, · In colonial Maryland, some aspects of life were quite the same as they are now: children went to school, while their mothers and fathers worked hard to put food on the table and keep the nation’s economy afloat. Some parts of daily life were remarkably different, such as the clothing Maryland citizens wore and their modes of commuting and transportation. The first settlement and capital was St. Marys City. Aware of the mistakes made by Virginia’s first colonists, Maryland’s settlers, rather than hunt for gold, made peace with the local Native Americans and established farms and trading posts, at first on the shores and islands of the lower Chesapeake.
In the English explorer Capt. John Smith sailed into Chesapeake Bay and stayed for several weeks to map the shoreline. In Cecilius Calvert was granted a charter for the land ln a haven in which his fellow Roman Catholics might escape the restrictions placed on them in England.
The first governor of the proprietary colony, Leonard Calvertthe younger brother of Cecilius, landed the founding expedition on St. Clements Island in the lower Potomac in March Aws first settlement and capital was St. Marys City. The field hands included indentured labourers working off the terms of their passage and, after aboutAfrican slaves. The most important crop was tobacco. Roads and towns were few, and wax with the English-model manor houses was largely by water.
The Calvert family provided for religious freedom in the colony, and this was formalized by the General Assembly in amryland an Act Concerning Religion, later famous as the Act of Religious Toleration. It granted freedom of worship, though only within the bounds of Magyland Christianity.
One of the earliest martland of religious liberty, it was limited to Christians and repealed in Commercial disputes with Anglican Virginia and boundary quarrels with Quaker Pennsylvania and Delaware did not affect this tolerance. Puritan ascendancy in England —60 caused only brief turmoil.
A rebellion by Protestants overthrew marylamd proprietary officers, leading to an interval of crown rule in the royal colony of Maryland — During liike period the Church of England was formally established. In Maryland once again became a proprietary colony of the Calverts, who had converted to Protestantism. Maryland nonetheless what was life like in colonial maryland a haven for how to start an interpretive essay from sectarian rigidity in other colonies.
As the population centre shifted to the north and west, the capital was moved to Protestant-dominated Anne Arundel Town now Annapolis in In Baltimore was founded. Frederick county repudiated the Stamp Act inand inthe year after the Boston Tea Partya ship loaded with tea was burned at an Annapolis dock. The boundary was named the Mason and Dixon Line for its surveyors.
Thereafter, this line came to be regarded as the traditional division between the North and the South. Marylanders took an active part in the American Revolution. George Washington. Postwar problems included the disposition of confiscated loyalist property, colonual struggle for lite money, and debtor relief. Luther Martin distinguished himself as a representative of Maryland at the Constitutional Convention. Maryland ratified the U.
Constitution on April 28,the seventh state to coloniall so. It also ceded territory and advanced money for public buildings to help form the District of Columbia When harassment on the high seas and other factors brought on the War ofBaltimore clipper s, sailing as privateers, dealt more than equal punishment to British ships.
In the British troops who had burned the principal government buildings in Washington, Coloial. With peace, Maryland and the rest of the country concentrated on making improvements in transport and communication. In workers began construction on the first U. The following year, the Chesapeake and Delaware Canallong under construction across what is dextroscoliosis of the thoracic spine northern part of the Delmarva Peninsula, was completed.
It connected the Delaware River to Chesapeake Bay. In the U. Naval Academy was founded on the Severn River in Annapolis. Landed gentry and residents of the Eastern Shore supported the lige South, while workingmen and western Marylanders stood up for the Union; a third faction favoured neutrality. In federal troops occupied Baltimore and Annapolis, and martial law was imposed in this border state.
Confederate armies mounted three major invasions of Maryland territory in successive summers; they were checked at Antietamthey met full defeat at GettysburgPa.
The constitution of abolished slavery likr removed power from the rural aristocracy. The more-cautious constitution of remains in force. Videos Images. Additional Info. Load Previous Page. The colony of Maryland In the English explorer Capt. Detail of early map c. Learn how both Union and Confederate regiments and commanders came from Maryland and learn about their battles in the state.
Discover how the socioeconomic and political divisions that contributed to the American Civil War played out in Maryland. Abraham Lincoln meeting with Gen. George B. McClellan, Oct. Load Next Page.
Maryland was a proprietary colony, meaning that a proprietor—and individual who was granted the land from England—ruled the colony. Everyone who lived in Maryland was from England, so they spoke English. Since their main reason of establishing the colony was for freedom to practice Catholicism, their religion was predominantly Catholic. Colonial Clothing. Preston Malone. In the Maryland colony, farmers grew crops. They grew wheat, corn, and rice. The colonists also ate meat. They often hunted and ate deer meat. They often ate beef and pork. They woud dry it out or lightley salt the meat so it would last longer. Food. Kids in the Maryland colony often did not go to school.
There were no rules about what religion you could follow. They passed a law called,"Act of Religious Tolerance" in In , The anglican Church became the main church of the colony. In the Maryland colony, men wore long length shirts and breeches. Breeches are pants that fastened at the knee. Most men wore hats with large brims.
Men often wore coats to protect them from the rain or the cold. Women usually wore long gowns, skirts, or dresses. They wore caps so there hair would not show. They often wore aprons and most of there clothes were laced together.
In the Maryland colony, farmers grew crops. They grew wheat, corn, and rice. The colonists also ate meat. They often hunted and ate deer meat. They often ate beef and pork. They woud dry it out or lightley salt the meat so it would last longer.
Kids in the Maryland colony often did not go to school. Only the upper class kids went to school. They learned to read, write, do simple math and of course learn about God.
Kids that did not go to school learned from there parents. There parents also taught them how to do jobs. Boys often worked in the field with their dad and girls worked in the kitchen with their mom. Kids in the colony played just like kids today do. They just did not have technology we do. They still played wih toys like little kids do today, but they had to make their own toys. When it was time to work they had corn shucking contests to see who get their work done the fastest.
Kids often used the corn husks to make dolls. The peope in the Maryland colony usually got around by walking, horseback, and riding in a carriage. Since there was no cars back then, people walked most of the time. Kids would walk to school, and people would walk wherever they needed to go. Whenever people needed to take supplies with them they went horseback so the horse could carry the supplies. Login to rate this Glog.
Login to comment on this Glog. The Maryland Colony Social Life. Food Kids in the Maryland colony often did not go to school. Education Kids in the colony played just like kids today do. Fun Activities The peope in the Maryland colony usually got around by walking, horseback, and riding in a carriage. Rate It! Tags american. Comments Login to comment on this Glog. There are no comments for this Glog. Follow us Twitter Pinterest Facebook.
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